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Prolactin is a hormone that is naturally secreted by both men and women. However, its levels are usually higher in women during pregnancy and lactation. In some rare cases, its levels can increase in men and cause symptoms such as breast enlargement, pain or changes in sexual function. If you have any concerns about the level of this hormone, it is better to consult a doctor to carefully evaluate the situation and advise you on the appropriate treatment if necessary.

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Causes of High Prolactin in Men

There are several reasons for increased prolactin in men:

1. Presence of tumors in the hypophysis (the part of the brain where hormones are produced) such as pituitary gland tumors that can cause abnormal secretion of prolactin.

2. Medications: Some medications like antidepressants, antibiotics, and some medications that treat psychological conditions can increase prolactin secretion.

3. Suffering from a disease affecting the pituitary gland such as cancerous tumors.

4. Suffering from thyroid diseases Some thyroid-related conditions can lead to an increase in prolactin hormone.

5. Psychological tension and severe psychological stress can also lead to a temporary increase in prolactin.

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Symptoms of high prolactin

High prolactin in men can cause a number of symptoms, including:

1. Breast enlargement (gynecomastia) which involves tenderness or pain.
2. Breast discharge may appear.
3. There may be changes in sexual function such as decreased sexual desire or difficulty achieving an erection.
4. Infertility or difficulty conceiving.
5. Psychological disorders such as stress or depression.

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6. Headache.
7. Vision disorders.
8. Feeling excessively tired and fatigued.
9. Digestive disorders like nausea and vomiting.
10. Weight gain.
11. Hair changes such as hair loss or increased hair growth in unfamiliar areas.

These symptoms vary from one person to another and depend on the severity and underlying causes of increased prolactin levels. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to consult a doctor to assess the condition and advise you on appropriate treatment measures.

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