Military observers and analysts speaking to Sky News Arabia said it came at a time when the Houthi group believed it would not abide by United Nations Security Council resolutions, particularly the previous resolution no. After ignoring 2216. They noted that the U.S. would use the decision as a “political umbrella” to carry out attacks by arming the Houthis, imposing a number of sanctions on them, and demanding that they stop fighting. Sources of threat in the Red Sea in the coming period.
About 18 companies have decided to reroute their ships from the Red Sea to the Cape of Good Hope, adding 10 days to avoid attacks and the expected effects on sailors, the International Maritime Organization said. That increases the cost of sea voyages and shipping.
What are the details of the decision?
- The resolution was drafted by the United States and Japan and was adopted by the Security Council by a majority of 11 members, with four abstentions, numbered “2722”.
- The resolution strongly condemned more than two dozen attacks by the Houthis on commercial and transport vessels since November 19 and demanded that the Houthis immediately cease all attacks that disrupt global trade and undermine navigation rights and freedoms. Regional peace and security.
- He called for the immediate release of the ship “Galaxy Leader” and its crew, stressing the need to respect commercial ships and transit rights and the training of transport ships in accordance with international law.
- The resolution commended the efforts of member states to improve the security of merchant ships and transport vessels from all countries and ensure their safe passage through the Red Sea – within the framework of the International Maritime Organization.
- Encourage Member States to continue to build and develop their capacities, and support them in developing the capacities of coastal states and port states in the Red Sea and Bab al-Mandab with a view to improving maritime security.
- The resolution stressed the need to address the root causes, including conflicts that contribute to regional tensions and conflicts that undermine maritime security, to ensure a swift, efficient and effective response. It reiterated the need for all Member States to adhere to their obligations. Designating the Houthis as a group subject to an arms embargo pursuant to resolution 2624, including the targeted arms embargo contained in Council resolution 2216.
- Russia, which proposed three amendments to the draft resolution, all of which were rejected, wanted to specifically include the “conflict in the Gaza Strip” among factors contributing to tensions, but the amendments did not gain the necessary support. 15 Council members.
“Guardian of Prosperity” is a stock
Brigadier General Samir Ragheb, a military and strategic expert, in exclusive statements to Sky News Arabia, said, “The Houthi group will not abide by the recently issued Security Council resolution, especially since it does not obey the previous resolution 2216. Chapter Seven of the United Nations Charter, “The matter is not in issuing Security Council resolutions, but in enforcing them. The implementation mechanism is in place, especially with the continuation of Houthi attacks and military operations for 10 years. War in Yemen.”
Regarding the consequences of the Security Council resolution in the coming period, Ragheb pointed out, “The pace of military missile and air operations from the Guardian Alliance for Prosperity formed by the United States against the Houthis. The threat itself, all means to target specific targets with drones or cruise missiles.”
This is based on a key clause of the resolution, which gives UN member states the right to “defend their ships against attacks, including attacks that undermine the rights and freedoms of navigation” under international law.
The arrangement was seen by many as tacit support for Operation Prosperity Sentinel, a US-led multinational maritime task force protecting merchant ships from Houthi missile and drone attacks in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden.
Brigadier General Samir Ragheb reiterated, “The United States is carrying out many military operations, and if it finds a legal and political umbrella, it will use it to reduce the political cost of military operations, showing that it supports the security of navigation, demonstrating that its operations are in the interest of the stability of global trade, It also seeks to show Russia that it defies international consensus.” Discussions took place during the Security Council session.
He pointed out that Russia had tried to make amendments to the draft resolution and accused the US of “double standards”, but Washington blocked attempts to make amendments to the wording.
For his part, Russia's permanent representative to the United Nations, Vasily Nebenzia, said that his country pays serious attention to international maritime security issues, but the real goals of the resolution are not to ensure the safety of navigation in the Red Sea, but rather “an attempt to legitimize the current actions of the coalition formed by the United States and its allies, “which will happen, It will be given the express blessing of the Security Council.”
Nebenzia pointed out that the resolution mentions the right of nations to defend their ships from attack, which is not in international law.
Speaking to Sky News Arabia, military and strategic expert Mahmoud Mohidin noted that since the creation of the Guardian Alliance for Prosperity, the United States has sought international and legal recognition from the United Nations. Activities of the alliance.
He added: “The French Navy has announced that French warships are protecting vessels of French interests in the Red Sea and that they are coordinating with the Wealth Guardian. This is the first statement since the Security Council resolution was issued, so the Security Council said that in the event of attacks on the interests of any of the countries participating in this alliance, Using the legitimacy of self-defense, Operation Prosperity Guardian against the Houthis opens the door to the legitimacy of military intervention.
However, he stressed that the decision lacked international consensus to launch a comprehensive strike against the Houthis.
A blank check
In a statement to Sky News Arabia, French analyst specializing in government relations and international affairs, Franck Farnell, described the Security Council's decision as a “blank test” to ensure the necessary measures are taken to eliminate current threats and obstacles to international trade.
He also explained the participation of regional actors in the region, with the recently established International Maritime Organization as the armed force to implement the decision.
Regarding the Houthis' reaction to this decision, Farnell added, “Currently, the Houthis have not much to lose, and their actions have received unexpected international attention. However, the international community is deeply concerned about the situation in the Red Sea, “direct threats to global trade, the environment and people. Not only because of it, but also because of the possibility of escalating a major conflict in the Middle East.”
“The Houthis' response to the Security Council resolution will depend on the extent to which Iran takes the necessary steps to stop the Houthis' military activities, and they will continue to benefit from new international visibility by covering up their actions,” he pointed out. War and piracy under the guise of support for the Palestinian people.”
“With the Houthis facing repeated attacks on shipping in the Red Sea, the West has limited options,” he stressed.
From Beirut, Khaled al-Azzi, professor of international relations and foreign policy, explained, “In the name of support for the besieged Palestinian people in Gaza, the Houthis have launched dozens of missiles and drones at naval vessels crossing the Red Sea. Through Bab al-Mandab, the Israeli side is blocking supplies, but this Not so.” The Houthi group has its own conditions and is primarily implementing Iranian policies, which is realistic on the ground.”
Al-Ezzi pointed out that the US is carrying out specific strikes against the Houthis, while at the same time sending messages to Iran about the need to stop supporting the Houthis and Hezbollah.
Richard Weitz, director of the Center for Military and Political Analysis at the Hudson Institute, said in a statement to Sky News Arabia: “I fear there will be a UN Security Council resolution on Houthi attacks on ships. Little impact, because the Houthis will ignore it.” .
He added: “The Security Council resolution may allow the US and its allies to attack the Houthis, but it is not imposing, as the coalition can launch attacks against the Houthis at any time without waiting for a final decision.”