A study predicts a significant increase in prostate cancer rates

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April 5, 2024

15:28 PM

A study predicts a significant increase in prostate cancer rates

Paris – AFP
Prostate cancer rates are expected to see a significant increase in the coming years in various parts of the world, especially in less affluent countries, according to a study published in The Lancet, which explained the trend with the expected aging of the population.
The authors of the study, published Thursday, said that from the expansion of the population changes currently recorded, “the annual number of new cases, which reached 1.4 million in 2020, will double in 2040, reaching 2.9 million. .”
The researchers attributed the rise to “increasing life expectancy and changes in age pyramids.”
Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in men, accounting for 15 percent of all cases, and most cases occur in men over the age of fifty. The frequency of cases gradually increases in the age group above this limit.
As many poor or developing countries are in the process of partially closing the life expectancy gap compared to their developed counterparts, the number of prostate cancer cases is expected to increase automatically.
The researchers added: “Unlike other major problems such as lung cancer or cardiovascular disease, it is not possible through public health policies to avoid an increase in these cases.”
In fact, prevention is as effective in reducing prostate cancer risk factors as genetics and height, just as smoking cessation is for lung cancer. Only an association between prostate cancer and overweight has been proven, but it is unclear whether the relationship is causal.
However, the study authors believe that several measures can reduce the incidence of prostate cancer.
For example, they called for early diagnosis to be sought in less affluent countries, where prostate cancers are diagnosed too late to be effectively treated. On the other hand, they warned of the risk of “overdiagnosis and overtreatment” in developed countries.

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